Bitrate (kbps)

Bitrate is measured in kilobits per second (kbps), and can be said to be the same thing as quality. It is the amount of data that is streamed each second for a single user. The more data per ... Visualizza


A delay is placed between the broadcaster and the listener of generally 10-30 seconds. This is called a buffer -- it prevents brief glitches, pauses, and packet loss on the Internet from affecting ... Visualizza


Short for "Distributed Network Audio/Video Server", it is the program that takes an audio or video feed and distributes it to all of the listeners. Think of it like an FM transmitter or antenna, ... Visualizza


Digital Signal Processing is software that can do special functions with audio or video while it is playing using your computer's CPU resources. ... Visualizza

Internet Radio

The generic term for streaming music on-line. Content is in the form of MP3s, WAVs, sound card input (live feed) or any other file type that a computer can play. The primary difference between ... Visualizza

IP Address (static/dynamic)

IP stands for Internet Protocol. It is a numerical address separated by decimal points that defines the Internet address (location) of a certain connection, user, or server. Every time you log onto ... Visualizza


iTunes is a digital media player application, introduced by Apple on January 10, 2001 at the Macworld Expo in San Francisco, for playing and organizing digital music and video files. The program is ... Visualizza


Is another term used to describe delay time of a connection between two servers or addresses in the Internet. Pinging is a way to measure the latency of a connection. ... Visualizza


Mpeg2, Layer 3 is a VERY popular open source compression format for audio. It allows music to be compressed down to a very small data size so that it can be easily and quickly transmitted and ... Visualizza

MP3 Encoder

The encoder takes a file in one format, and converts it to another. To broadcast, you need an encoder such as the Shoutcast DSP or SAM2 software. This will take your existing audio files and ... Visualizza

MP3 Pro

A plus in for broadcasters and listeners alike, that is able to add additional quality into a stream. Effectively making a given bitrate stream sound like it is a higher bitrate (quality) stream. ... Visualizza


A different and less popular open-source compression format for on-line streaming music and file storage. Some say the quality is higher than MP3 for a given bitrate. Currently very few audio ... Visualizza


Ports are commonly used in the hosting industry to define the location of a stream or other service at a particular IP address. Think of the IP as a street address, and the Port as the apartment ... Visualizza

Quicktime Media

A proprietary compression format similar to MP3, except only Windows and Mac users using the Quicktime plug-in or I-Tunes can listen to files or stations using it. Due to the very limited streaming ... Visualizza

Real Media

briefly known also as RealOne Player, is a cross-platform media player by RealNetworks that plays a number of multimedia formats including MP3, MPEG-4, QuickTime, Windows Media and multiple ... Visualizza


Since running a station requires a large amount of bandwidth, large stations use several servers to handle more listeners. Running a DNAS in relay mode will make it connect to an existing server as ... Visualizza

Reserve IP (RIP)

No, it's not Rest In Peace. RIP in streaming terms is a list for Reserved IPs. A station with a RIP enabled means that only listeners who have their IP addresses listed in the RIP file are allowed ... Visualizza


SHOUTcast is a very popular stream service using the MP3, MP3 Pro, and NSV format. maintains a large directory of stations using Shoutcast software (the DNAS), as do we. Bouncyservers ... Visualizza


Winamp is the program by Nullsoft that can play audio and video files, as well as tune into Shoutcast radio stations. Winamp also runs the DNAS for radio stations which does the actual sourcing and ... Visualizza

Windows Media Player (WMP)

Windowns Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the ... Visualizza